Journal Article

Social Network Diversity and Risks of Ischemic Heart Disease and Total Mortality: Findings from the Copenhagen City Heart Study

John C. Barefoot, Morten Grønbæk, Gorm Jensen, Peter Schnohr and Eva Prescott

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 161, issue 10, pages 960-967
Published in print May 2005 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online May 2005 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi128
Social Network Diversity and Risks of Ischemic Heart Disease and Total Mortality: Findings from the Copenhagen City Heart Study

Show Summary Details

Preview

Measures of various types of social contacts were used as predictors of ischemic heart disease events and total mortality in an age-stratified random sample of 9,573 adults enrolled in the Copenhagen City Heart Study (Copenhagen, Denmark). Baseline examinations were conducted in 1991–1994, and participants were followed until the end of 1997. Contacts with parents, children, family members, and friends were associated with better health. The presence of a spouse or partner was protective for men. Contacts with neighbors showed a trend toward a reversed pattern, and the effects of contacts with work colleagues and children differed by gender. Most types of contacts that occurred at least monthly were just as protective as those occurring more frequently. An index of intimate social contact diversity with family and friends had graded relations with both outcomes. Comparisons of persons reporting three or more types of contacts with those reporting fewer types yielded age- and gender-adjusted hazard ratios of 0.73 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.64, 0.82) for mortality and 0.75 (95% CI: 0.61, 0.91) for ischemic heart disease. Comparable fully adjusted hazard ratios were 0.83 (95% CI: 0.73, 0.95) and 0.82 (95% CI: 0.67, 1.00). These data suggest that health benefits are derived from the diversity of social roles, especially those involving intimate relationships.

Keywords: epidemiologic studies; heart diseases; mortality; myocardial ischemia; social support; CI, confidence interval; HR, hazard ratio; IHD, ischemic heart disease

Journal Article.  4492 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.