Journal Article

Iron, Lipids, and Risk of Cancer in the Framingham Offspring Cohort

Arch G. Mainous, Brian J. Wells, Richelle J. Koopman, Charles J. Everett and James M. Gill

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 161, issue 12, pages 1115-1122
Published in print June 2005 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online June 2005 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi131
Iron, Lipids, and Risk of Cancer in the Framingham Offspring Cohort

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Iron and lipids combine to create oxidative stress, and oxidative stress has a role in the development of cancer. The objective was to determine the risk of cancer among persons who had both elevated iron and lipids. The authors conducted an analysis of the cohort available in the Framingham Offspring Study. Adults aged 30 or more years at baseline had serum iron and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) assessed in 1979–1982 and were followed for development of cancer until 1996–1997 (n = 3,278). Cox regression models were computed while controlling for age, gender, smoking status, and body mass index. In adjusted models, both elevated iron (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.66, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11, 2.46; 29 cases) and VLDL-C (HR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.04, 2.28; 93 cases) had significant independent risks for development of cancer. When elevated iron was combined with elevated VLDL-C, the adjusted relative risk of cancer increased (HR = 2.68, 95% CI: 1.49, 4.83; 18 cases). Elevated iron and low HDL-C also had a significant adjusted relative risk of cancer (HR = 2.82, 95% CI: 1.50, 5.28; 14 cases). The results suggest that elevated serum iron levels coupled with either high VLDL-C or low HDL-C appear to interact to increase cancer risk in this cohort.

Keywords: cohort studies; iron; lipids; neoplasms; CI, confidence interval; HDL, high density lipoprotein; HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; HR, hazard ratio; LDL, low density lipoprotein; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol; VLDL, very low density lipoprotein; VLDL-C, very low density lipoprotein cholesterol

Journal Article.  4452 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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