Journal Article

<i>Chlamydia trachomatis</i> Infection in Female Partners of Circumcised and Uncircumcised Adult Men

Xavier Castellsagué, Rosanna W. Peeling, Silvia Franceschi, Silvia de Sanjosé, Jennifer S. Smith, Ginesa Albero, Mireia Díaz, Rolando Herrero, Nubia Muñoz and F. Xavier Bosch

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 162, issue 9, pages 907-916
Published in print November 2005 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online September 2005 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi284
Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in Female Partners of Circumcised and Uncircumcised Adult Men

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Male circumcision has been shown to reduce the risk of acquiring and transmitting a number of venereal infections. However, little is known about the association between male circumcision and the risk of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in the female partner. The authors pooled data on 305 adult couples enrolled as controls in one of five case-control studies of invasive cervical cancer conducted in Thailand, the Philippines, Brazil, Colombia, and Spain between 1985 and 1997. Women provided blood samples for C. trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae antibody detection; a type-specific microfluorescence assay was used. Multivariate odds ratios were computed for the association between male circumcision status and chlamydial seropositivity in women. Compared with women with uncircumcised partners, those with circumcised partners had a 5.6-fold reduced risk of testing seropositive for C. trachomatis (82% reduction; odds ratio = 0.18, 95% confidence interval: 0.05, 0.58). The inverse association was also observed after restricting the analysis to monogamous women and their only male partners (odds ratio = 0.21, 95% confidence interval: 0.06, 0.72). In contrast, seropositivity to C. pneumoniae, a non-sexually-transmitted infection, was not significantly related to circumcision status of the male partner. These findings suggest that male circumcision could reduce the risk of C. trachomatis infection in female sexual partners.

Keywords: Chlamydia pneumoniae; Chlamydia trachomatis; circumcision; men; sexual behavior; sexually transmitted diseases; CI, confidence interval; HPV, human papillomavirus; MIF, microimmunofluorescence; OR, odds ratio

Journal Article.  5276 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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