Journal Article

Effects of Arginase Inhibition in Hypertensive Hyperthyroid Rats

Isabel Rodríguez-Gómez, Juan Manuel Moreno, Rosario Jimenez, Andrés Quesada, Sebastian Montoro-Molina, Pablo Vargas-Tendero, Rosemary Wangensteen and Félix Vargas

in American Journal of Hypertension

Volume 28, issue 12, pages 1464-1472
Published in print December 2015 | ISSN: 0895-7061
Published online April 2015 | e-ISSN: 1941-7225 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpv049
Effects of Arginase Inhibition in Hypertensive Hyperthyroid Rats

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  • Cardiovascular Medicine
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BACKGROUND

This study analyzed the effects of chronic administration of N[omega]-hydroxy-nor-l-arginine (nor-NOHA), an inhibitor of arginase, on the hemodynamic, oxidative stress, morphologic, metabolic, and renal manifestations of hyperthyroidism in rats.

METHODS

Four groups of male Wistar rats were used: control, nor-NOHA-treated (10mg/kg/day), thyroxine (T4)-treated (75 μg/rat/day), and thyroxine- plus nor-NOHA-treated rats. All treatments were maintained for 4 weeks. Body weight, tail systolic blood pressure (SBP), and heart rate (HR) were recorded weekly. Finally, morphologic, metabolic, plasma, and renal variables were measured. Arginase I and II protein abundance and arginase activity were measured in aorta, heart, and kidney.

RESULTS

The T4 group showed increased arginase I and II protein abundance, arginase activity, SBP, HR, plasma nitrates/nitrites (NOx), brainstem and urinary isoprostanes, proteinuria and cardiac and renal hypertrophy in comparison to control rats. In hyperthyroid rats, chronic nor-NOHA prevented the increase in SBP and HR and decreased proteinuria in association with an increase in plasma NOx and a decrease in brainstem and urinary isoprostanes. In normal rats, nor-NOHA treatment did not significantly change any hemodynamic, morphologic, or renal variables. Acute nor-NOHA administration did not affect renal or systemic hemodynamic variables in normal or T4-treated rats.

CONCLUSION

Hyperthyroidism in rats is associated with the increased expression and activity of arginase in aorta, heart, and kidney. Chronic arginase inhibition with nor-NOHA suppresses the characteristic hemodynamic manifestations of hyperthyroidism in association with a reduced oxidative stress. These results indicate an important role for arginase pathway alterations in the cardiovascular and renal abnormalities of hyperthyroidism.

Keywords: arginase activity; blood pressure; hypertension; hyperthyroidism; nor-NOHA; oxidative stress.

Journal Article.  5084 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine ; Biological Sciences

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