Journal Article

P-53CRIMINAL HISTORY AND OUTCOME OF OPIATE SUBSTITUTIONS TREATMENT IN CANADIAN METHADONE AND SUBOXONE PATIENTS

G. Sadek, Z. Cernovsky, S. Chiu and Y. Bureau

in Alcohol and Alcoholism

Volume 49, issue suppl_1, pages i63-i63
Published in print September 2014 | ISSN: 0735-0414
Published online September 2014 | e-ISSN: 1464-3502 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agu054.53
P-53CRIMINAL HISTORY AND OUTCOME OF OPIATE SUBSTITUTIONS TREATMENT IN CANADIAN METHADONE AND SUBOXONE PATIENTS

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Introduction. This study examines outcomes of urine tests in methadone and in suboxone patients and differences in their criminal history.

Method. Criminal history data and 10 urine tests for benzodiazepines, cocaine, opiates, and oxycodone were recorded for each of 103 Canadian patients (67 men, 36 women) undergoing opiate substitution treatment: 75.7% were on methadone and 24.3% on suboxone. Those on methadone did not differ from those on suboxone with respect to age (t-test, p = ns) and gender (χ2 test, p = ns).

Result. In this sample, (43.3%) had known criminal history, 35.3% were convicted of their crime in a court of law, 31.4% spent time in jail, 10.0% were involved in violent crimes, and 16.0% were charged with driving under influence of alcohol or illicit drugs. Methadone patients did not differ from those on suboxone in their criminal history (χ2 tests, p = ns). Compared to suboxone patients, those on methadone more frequently tested positive for cocaine (t = 2.5, df = 96.2, p < .05) but no significant differences were noted for other illicit substances.

Conclusion. Methadone and suboxone patients did not differ in their criminal history. The treatment outcomes of methadone patients were less satisfactory with respect to unclean urine tests for cocaine.

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Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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