Journal Article

Knowledge-to-Fact Arguments (Bootstrapping, Closure, Paradox and KK)

Murali Ramachandran

in Analysis

Volume 76, issue 2, pages 142-149
Published in print April 2016 | ISSN: 0003-2638
Published online March 2016 | e-ISSN: 1467-8284 | DOI:
Knowledge-to-Fact Arguments (Bootstrapping, Closure, Paradox and KK)

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The leading idea of this article is that one cannot acquire knowledge of any non-epistemic fact by virtue of knowing that one that knows something. The lines of reasoning involved in the surprise exam paradox and in Williamson’s reductio of the KK-principle, which demand that one can, are thereby undermined, and new type of counter-example to epistemic closure emerges.

Keywords: Closure; bootstrapping; surprise exam; KK-principle; Williamson

Journal Article.  2985 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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