Reference Entry

Calvert, Charles

Gregory A. Stiverson

in American National Biography Online

Published in print January 1999 |
Published online February 2000 | e-ISBN: 9780198606697 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.0101223

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Calvert, Charles (29 September 1699–24 April 1751), fifth baron of Baltimore and proprietor of Maryland, was probably born at “Woodcote Park,” the family estate in Epsom, Surrey County, England, the son of Benedict Leonard Calvert, fourth baron of Baltimore and a Tory member of Parliament, and Lady Charlotte Lee, a granddaughter of King Charles II. Charles was reared in an aristocratic but troubled Roman Catholic family. Charles’s father divorced his wife in 1705, fathered children with a housekeeper, and in 1713 professed himself an Anglican, abandoning the family’s Roman Catholic faith. He used his conversion to secure the return of full governing rights over the family’s colony of Maryland, which his father had lost in the wake of the Glorious Revolution of 1688. But Calvert’s father died in 1715, leaving the daunting task of reestablishing control over the colony to Calvert, who at age fifteen became the fifth baron of Baltimore and the proprietor of Maryland....

Reference Entry.  1476 words. 

Subjects: US Politics ; US Colonial and Revolutionary History ; Colonialism and Imperialism

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