Reference Entry

Crawford, William

in American National Biography Online


Published online February 2000 | e-ISBN: 9780198606697

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soldier, was born in Frederick County, Virginia, the son of William Crawford and Onora Grimes, farmers. After Crawford’s father died in 1736, Crawford’s mother married Richard Stephenson. A resident of Frederick County, Virginia, Crawford was a surveyor and land speculator who served with his friend George Washington in the Virginia militia. In 1755 he was an ensign on General Edward Braddock’s ill-fated western expedition against the French at Fort Duquesne. He served directly under Washington as a captain in the more successful British military operation led by General John Forbes.

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