Reference Entry

Cleaver, Eldridge

Lauren Araiza and Joshua Bloom

in American National Biography Online

ISBN: 9780195082098
Published online October 2001 | e-ISBN: 9780198606697 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.1501292
Cleaver, Eldridge

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Cleaver, Eldridge (31 August 1935–01 May 1998), social activist and writer, was born Leroy Eldridge Cleaver in Wabbaseka, Arkansas, the son of Leroy Cleaver, a waiter and nightclub piano player, and Thelma Hattie Robinson Cleaver, an elementary school teacher. When Cleaver was ten the family moved to Phoenix, Arizona; three years later, they moved again, this time to Los Angeles, California. Soon after, his parents separated. At this time, Cleaver became involved in criminal activities. In 1949 he was arrested for stealing a bicycle and was sent to reform school. In 1952 he was arrested for selling marijuana and was sent back to reform school. In 1954, a few days after his release, Cleaver was again arrested for marijuana possession and was sent to Soledad State Prison for a term of two and a half years....

Reference Entry.  2468 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Literature ; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers) ; Social and Cultural History ; Society and Culture

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