Reference Entry

Stevens, John Cox

in American National Biography Online


Published online February 2000 | e-ISBN: 9780198606697

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yachtsman, was born in Hoboken, New Jersey, the son of John Stevens, an attorney and locomotive inventor, and Rachel Cox. Stevens grew up with his ten siblings on the Stevens family estate in Hoboken. After graduating from Columbia College in 1803, Stevens invested in the development of steam-propelled water vessels. In 1809 he married Maria C. Livingston, a member of the wealthy and prominent Livingston family of New Jersey. Stevens and his wife divided their time between the Hoboken property owned by the Stevens family, a mansion in Manhattan, and a large farmhouse on the western end of Long Island. In 1827 he and his brother Robert Livingston Stevens started the first day-line of steamboats that traveled on the Hudson River from New York City to the eastern terminus of the newly built Erie Canal in Troy, New York. He was also involved with the construction of several steam craft at a shipyard on the Stevens family property in Hoboken. The property included Elysian Fields, a spot popular among the New York and New Jersey elites for picnicking and sporting events.

Reference Entry.  665 words. 

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