Reference Entry

Mountain Chief

Hana Samek

in American National Biography Online

Published in print January 1999 |
Published online February 2000 | e-ISBN: 9780198606697 | DOI:

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Mountain Chief (1848?–02 February 1942), Piegan warrior and tribal leader, was born at Old Man River in Alberta, Canada, the son of Mountain Chief, a chief of the Piegans, and Charging across Quartering. Married at least five times, he had at least six children. Mountain Chief (Nena-es-toko), who was also called Big Brave and later adopted the name Frank Mountain Chief, was born into the southern Piegan (Pikuni) tribe, one of three tribal groups that made up the Blackfoot confederacy. These groups occupied roughly the area stretching from present-day southern Alberta and Saskatchewan to Montana. The southern Piegans eventually settled in Montana, where they were commonly called the Blackfeet. Mountain Chief’s life spanned the crucial period of the transformation of these native people from nomadic, feared warriors into reservation Indians....

Reference Entry.  1378 words. 

Subjects: Native American History ; World History

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