Reference Entry

Mountain Chief

in American National Biography Online


Published online February 2000 | e-ISBN: 9780198606697

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Piegan warrior and tribal leader, was born at Old Man River in Alberta, Canada, the son of Mountain Chief, a chief of the Piegans, and Charging across Quartering. Married at least five times, he had at least six children. Mountain Chief (Nena-es-toko), who was also called Big Brave and later adopted the name Frank Mountain Chief, was born into the southern Piegan (Pikuni) tribe, one of three tribal groups that made up the Blackfoot confederacy. These groups occupied roughly the area stretching from present-day southern Alberta and Saskatchewan to Montana. The southern Piegans eventually settled in Montana, where they were commonly called the Blackfeet. Mountain Chief’s life spanned the crucial period of the transformation of these native people from nomadic, feared warriors into reservation Indians.

Reference Entry.  1391 words. 

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