Journal Article

Expression of ABA signalling genes and ABI5 protein levels in imbibed <i>Sorghum bicolor</i> caryopses with contrasting dormancy and at different developmental stages

María Verónica Rodríguez, Guillermina Mónica Mendiondo, Laura Maskin, Gustavo Eduardo Gudesblat, Norberto Daniel Iusem and Roberto Luis Benech-Arnold

in Annals of Botany

Published on behalf of The Annals of Botany Company

Volume 104, issue 5, pages 975-985
Published in print October 2009 | ISSN: 0305-7364
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1095-8290 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcp184
Expression of ABA signalling genes and ABI5 protein levels in imbibed Sorghum bicolor caryopses with contrasting dormancy and at different developmental stages

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  • Ecology and Conservation
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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Background and Aims

Pre-harvest sprouting susceptibility in grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is related to low seed dormancy and reduced embryo sensitivity to inhibition of germination by abscisic acid (ABA). Intra-specific variability for pre-harvest sprouting might involve differential regulation of ABA signalling genes.

Methods

Sorghum genes encoding homologues for ABA signalling components from other species (ABI5, ABI4, VP1, ABI1 and PKABA1) were studied at the transcriptional and protein level (ABI5) during grain imbibition for two sorghum lines with contrasting sprouting phenotypes and in response to hormones.

Key Results

Transcript levels of these genes and protein levels of ABI5 were higher in imbibed immature caryopses of the more dormant line. Dormancy loss was related to lower transcript levels of these genes and lower ABI5 protein levels in both genotypes. Exogenous ABA inhibited germination of isolated embryos but failed to prevent ABI5 rapid decrease supporting a role for the seed coat in regulating ABI5 levels.

Conclusions

Several genes involved in ABA signalling are regulated differently in imbibed caryopses from two sorghum lines with contrasting pre-harvest sprouting response before – but not after – physiological maturity. A role for ABI5 in the expression of dormancy during grain development is discussed.

Keywords: Sorghum bicolor; pre-harvest sprouting; abscisic acid; hormone signalling; ABI5; seed dormancy

Journal Article.  6889 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ecology and Conservation ; Evolutionary Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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