Journal Article

Foundation characteristics of edible <i>Musa</i> triploids revealed from allelic distribution of SSR markers

I. Hippolyte, C. Jenny, L. Gardes, F. Bakry, R. Rivallan, V. Pomies, P. Cubry, K. Tomekpe, A. M. Risterucci, N. Roux, M. Rouard, E. Arnaud, M. Kolesnikova-Allen and X. Perrier

in Annals of Botany

Published on behalf of The Annals of Botany Company

Volume 109, issue 5, pages 937-951
Published in print April 2012 | ISSN: 0305-7364
Published online February 2012 | e-ISSN: 1095-8290 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcs010

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  • Ecology and Conservation
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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Background and Aims

The production of triploid banana and plantain (Musa spp.) cultivars with improved characteristics (e.g. greater disease resistance or higher yield), while still preserving the main features of current popular cultivars (e.g. taste and cooking quality), remains a major challenge for Musa breeders. In this regard, breeders require a sound knowledge of the lineage of the current sterile triploid cultivars, to select diploid parents that are able to transmit desirable traits, together with a breeding strategy ensuring final triploidization and sterility. Highly polymorphic single sequence repeats (SSRs) are valuable markers for investigating phylogenetic relationships.

Methods

Here, the allelic distribution of each of 22 SSR loci across 561 Musa accessions is analysed.

Key Results and Conclusions

We determine the closest diploid progenitors of the triploid ‘Cavendish’ and ‘Gros Michel’ subgroups, valuable information for breeding programmes. Nevertheless, in establishing the likely monoclonal origin of the main edible triploid banana subgroups (i.e. ‘Cavendish’, ‘Plantain’ and ‘Mutika-Lujugira’), we postulated that the huge phenotypic diversity observed within these subgroups did not result from gamete recombination, but rather from epigenetic regulations. This emphasizes the need to investigate the regulatory mechanisms of genome expression on a unique model in the plant kingdom. We also propose experimental standards to compare additional and independent genotyping data for reference.

Keywords: ‘Cavendish’; lineage; Musa acuminata; Musa balbisiana; ‘Mutika-Lujugira’; ‘Plantain’; phylogeny; polyploidy; SSR; triploid

Journal Article.  8785 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ecology and Conservation ; Evolutionary Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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