Journal Article

Seasonal and inter-annual variability of bud development as related to climate in two coexisting Mediterranean <i>Quercus</i> species

Arben Q. Alla, J. Julio Camarero and Gabriel Montserrat-Martí

in Annals of Botany

Published on behalf of The Annals of Botany Company

Volume 111, issue 2, pages 261-270
Published in print February 2013 | ISSN: 0305-7364
Published online November 2012 | e-ISSN: 1095-8290 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcs247
Seasonal and inter-annual variability of bud development as related to climate in two coexisting Mediterranean Quercus species

Show Summary Details

Preview

Background and Aims

In trees, bud development is driven by endogenous and exogenous factors such as species and climate, respectively. However, knowledge is scarce on how these factors drive changes in bud size across different time scales.

Methods

The seasonal patterns of apical bud enlargement are related to primary and secondary growth in two coexisting Mediterranean oaks with contrasting leaf habit (Quercus ilex, evergreen; Quercus faginea, deciduous) over three years. In addition, the climatic factors driving changes in bud size of the two oak species were determined by correlating bud mass with climatic variables at different time scales (from 5 to 30 d) over a 15-year period.

Key Results

The maximum enlargement rate of buds was reached between late July and mid-August in both species. Moreover, apical bud size increased with minimum air temperatures during the period of maximum bud enlargement rates.

Conclusions

The forecasted rising minimum air temperatures predicted by climatic models may affect bud size and consequently alter crown architecture differentially in sympatric Mediterranean oaks. However, the involvement of several drivers controlling the final size of buds makes it difficult to predict the changes in bud size as related to ongoing climate warming.

Keywords: Bud size; current-year stem; Quercus faginea; Quercus ilex subsp. ballota; temperature; summer growth

Journal Article.  5927 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Ecology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.