Journal Article

Analysis of the arabidopsis <i>REM</i> gene family predicts functions during flower development

Otho Mantegazza, Veronica Gregis, Marta Adelina Mendes, Piero Morandini, Márcio Alves-Ferreira, Camila M. Patreze, Sarah M. Nardeli, Martin M. Kater and Lucia Colombo

in Annals of Botany

Published on behalf of The Annals of Botany Company

Published in print July 2014 | ISSN: 0305-7364
Published online July 2014 | e-ISSN: 1095-8290 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcu124
Analysis of the arabidopsis REM gene family predicts functions during flower development

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Background and Aims

The REM (Reproductive Meristem) gene family of Arabidopsis thaliana is part of the B3 DNA-binding domain superfamily. Despite the fact that several groups have worked on the REM genes for many years, little is known about the function of this transcription factor family. This study aims to identify a set of REM genes involved in flower development and to characterize their function.

Methods

In order to provide an overview of the REM gene family, a detailed expression analysis for all REM genes of A. thaliana was performed and combined with a meta-analysis of ChIP-sequencing and microarray experiments.

Key Results

Two sets of phylogenetically closely related REM genes, namely REM23, REM24 and REM25, and REM34, REM35 and REM36, were identified as possibly being involved in the early stages of flower development. Single- and double-mutant combinations were analysed for these genes, and no phenotypic effects were detected during flower development.

Conclusions

The data suggest that the REM34, REM35 and REM36 group is the most interesting one, as REM34 is co-expressed with the floral meristem identity (FMI) genes, they are bound by AP1, SVP, AP3 and PI, and they are expressed in the floral meristem and during the earliest stages of flower development. However, it appears that high levels of functional redundancy may conceal the exact function of these transcription factor genes.

Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana; transcription factor; reproductive meristem; REM gene; flower development; B3 domain; floral meristem identity; FMI

Journal Article.  5095 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Physiology

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