Reference Entry

CHRÉTIEN, Gilles Louis (1754 - 1811), Engraver

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online November 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913
CHRÉTIEN, Gilles Louis (1754 - 1811), Engraver

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French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 5 February 1754, in Versailles; died 4 March 1811, in Paris.


Gilles Chrétien invented the physionotrace, a mechanical wooden instrument consisting of a pointer connected to a pencil, which through a complex system of levers permitted a shadow to be traced onto paper. The resulting image was transferred by a pantograph to a copper plate, which was then

Reference Entry.  130 words. 

Subjects: Art ; Biographical Studies

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