Journal Article

MS-specific noise model reveals the potential of iTRAQ in quantitative proteomics

C. Hundertmark, R. Fischer, T. Reinl, S. May, F. Klawonn and L. Jänsch

in Bioinformatics

Volume 25, issue 8, pages 1004-1011
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 1367-4803
Published online October 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2059 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btn551
MS-specific noise model reveals the potential of iTRAQ in quantitative proteomics

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Motivation: Mass spectrometry (MS) data are impaired by noise similar to many other analytical methods. Therefore, proteomics requires statistical approaches to determine the reliability of regulatory information if protein quantification is based on ion intensities observed in MS.

Results: We suggest a procedure to model instrument and workflow-specific noise behaviour of iTRAQ™ reporter ions that can provide regulatory information during automated peptide sequencing by LC-MS/MS. The established mathematical model representatively predicts possible variations of iTRAQ™ reporter ions in an MS data-dependent manner. The model can be utilized to calculate the robustness of regulatory information systematically at the peptide level in so-called bottom-up proteome approaches. It allows to determine the best fitting regulation factor and in addition to calculate the probability of alternative regulations. The result can be visualized as likelihood curves summarizing both the quantity and quality of regulatory information. Likelihood curves basically can be calculated from all peptides belonging to different regions of proteins if they are detected in LC-MS/MS experiments. Therefore, this approach renders excellent opportunities to detect and statistically validate dynamic post-translational modifications usually affecting only particular regions of the whole protein. The detection of known phosphorylation events at protein kinases served as a first proof of concept in this study and underscores the potential for noise models in quantitative proteomics.

Contact: lothar.jaensch@helmholtz-hzi.de; f.klawonn@fh-wolfenbuettel.de

Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Journal Article.  6556 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

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