Journal Article

A predictive model for identifying mini-regulatory modules in the mouse genome

Mahesh Yaragatti, Ted Sandler and Lyle Ungar

in Bioinformatics

Volume 25, issue 3, pages 353-357
Published in print February 2009 | ISSN: 1367-4803
Published online December 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2059 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btn622
A predictive model for identifying mini-regulatory modules in the mouse genome

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Motivation: Rapidly advancing genome technology has allowed access to a large number of diverse genomes and annotation data. We have defined a systems model that integrates assembly data, comparative genomics, gene predictions, mRNA and EST alignments and physiological tissue expression. Using these as predictive parameters, we engineered a machine learning approach to decipher putative active regions in the genome.

Results: Analysis of genomic sequences showed nucleosome-free region (NFR) modules containing a higher percentage of conserved regions, RNA-encoding sequences, CpG islands, splice sites and GC-rich areas. In contrast, random in silico fragments revealed higher percentages of DNA repeats and a lower conservation. The larger conserved sequences from the Vista enhancer browser (VEB) showed a greater percentage of short DNA sequence matches and RNA coding regions in multiple species.

Our model can predict small regulatory regions in the genome with >95% prediction accuracy using NFR modules and >85% prediction accuracy with VEB elements. Ultimately, this systems model can be applied to any organism to identify candidate transcriptional modules on a genome scale.

Contact: myar@seas.upenn.edu

Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Journal Article.  3662 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

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