Journal Article

Predicting helix–helix interactions from residue contacts in membrane proteins

Allan Lo, Yi-Yuan Chiu, Einar Andreas Rødland, Ping-Chiang Lyu, Ting-Yi Sung and Wen-Lian Hsu

in Bioinformatics

Volume 25, issue 8, pages 996-1003
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 1367-4803
Published online February 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2059 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btp114

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Motivation: Helix–helix interactions play a critical role in the structure assembly, stability and function of membrane proteins. On the molecular level, the interactions are mediated by one or more residue contacts. Although previous studies focused on helix-packing patterns and sequence motifs, few of them developed methods specifically for contact prediction.

Results: We present a new hierarchical framework for contact prediction, with an application in membrane proteins. The hierarchical scheme consists of two levels: in the first level, contact residues are predicted from the sequence and their pairing relationships are further predicted in the second level. Statistical analyses on contact propensities are combined with other sequence and structural information for training the support vector machine classifiers. Evaluated on 52 protein chains using leave-one-out cross validation (LOOCV) and an independent test set of 14 protein chains, the two-level approach consistently improves the conventional direct approach in prediction accuracy, with 80% reduction of input for prediction. Furthermore, the predicted contacts are then used to infer interactions between pairs of helices. When at least three predicted contacts are required for an inferred interaction, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity are 56%, 40% and 89%, respectively. Our results demonstrate that a hierarchical framework can be applied to eliminate false positives (FP) while reducing computational complexity in predicting contacts. Together with the estimated contact propensities, this method can be used to gain insights into helix-packing in membrane proteins.

Availability: http://bio-cluster.iis.sinica.edu.tw/TMhit/

Contact: tsung@iis.sinica.edu.tw

Supplementary information:Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Journal Article.  6727 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

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