Journal Article

Proteome coverage prediction with infinite Markov models

Manfred Claassen, Ruedi Aebersold and Joachim M. Buhmann

in Bioinformatics

Volume 25, issue 12, pages i154-i160
Published in print June 2009 | ISSN: 1367-4803
Published online May 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2059 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btp233

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Motivation: Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is the predominant method to comprehensively characterize complex protein mixtures such as samples from prefractionated or complete proteomes. In order to maximize proteome coverage for the studied sample, i.e. identify as many traceable proteins as possible, LC-MS/MS experiments are typically repeated extensively and the results combined. Proteome coverage prediction is the task of estimating the number of peptide discoveries of future LC-MS/MS experiments. Proteome coverage prediction is important to enhance the design of efficient proteomics studies. To date, there does not exist any method to reliably estimate the increase of proteome coverage at an early stage.

Results: We propose an extended infinite Markov model DiriSim to extrapolate the progression of proteome coverage based on a small number of already performed LC-MS/MS experiments. The method explicitly accounts for the uncertainty of peptide identifications. We tested DiriSim on a set of 37 LC-MS/MS experiments of a complete proteome sample and demonstrated that DiriSim correctly predicts the coverage progression already from a small subset of experiments. The predicted progression enabled us to specify maximal coverage for the test sample. We demonstrated that quality requirements on the final proteome map impose an upper bound on the number of useful experiment repetitions and limit the achievable proteome coverage.

Contact: manfredc@inf.ethz.ch; jbuhmann@inf.ethz.ch

Journal Article.  5329 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

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