Journal Article

Evaluating reproducibility of differential expression discoveries in microarray studies by considering correlated molecular changes

Min Zhang, Lin Zhang, Jinfeng Zou, Chen Yao, Hui Xiao, Qing Liu, Jing Wang, Dong Wang, Chenguang Wang and Zheng Guo

in Bioinformatics

Volume 25, issue 13, pages 1662-1668
Published in print July 2009 | ISSN: 1367-4803
Published online May 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2059 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btp295

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Motivation: According to current consistency metrics such as percentage of overlapping genes (POG), lists of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) detected from different microarray studies for a complex disease are often highly inconsistent. This irreproducibility problem also exists in other high-throughput post-genomic areas such as proteomics and metabolism. A complex disease is often characterized with many coordinated molecular changes, which should be considered when evaluating the reproducibility of discovery lists from different studies.

Results: We proposed metrics percentage of overlapping genes-related (POGR) and normalized POGR (nPOGR) to evaluate the consistency between two DEG lists for a complex disease, considering correlated molecular changes rather than only counting gene overlaps between the lists. Based on microarray datasets of three diseases, we showed that though the POG scores for DEG lists from different studies for each disease are extremely low, the POGR and nPOGR scores can be rather high, suggesting that the apparently inconsistent DEG lists may be highly reproducible in the sense that they are actually significantly correlated. Observing different discovery results for a disease by the POGR and nPOGR scores will obviously reduce the uncertainty of the microarray studies. The proposed metrics could also be applicable in many other high-throughput post-genomic areas.

Contact: guoz@ems.hrbmu.edu.cn

Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Journal Article.  5852 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

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