Journal Article

Functional mixed effects spectral analysis

Robert T. Krafty, Martica Hall and Wensheng Guo

in Biometrika

Published on behalf of Biometrika Trust

Volume 98, issue 3, pages 583-598
Published in print September 2011 | ISSN: 0006-3444
Published online September 2011 | e-ISSN: 1464-3510 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biomet/asr032
Functional mixed effects spectral analysis

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In many experiments, time series data can be collected from multiple units and multiple time series segments can be collected from the same unit. This article introduces a mixed effects Cramér spectral representation which can be used to model the effects of design covariates on the second-order power spectrum while accounting for potential correlations among the time series segments collected from the same unit. The transfer function is composed of a deterministic component to account for the population-average effects and a random component to account for the unit-specific deviations. The resulting log-spectrum has a functional mixed effects representation where both the fixed effects and random effects are functions in the frequency domain. It is shown that, when the replicate-specific spectra are smooth, the log-periodograms converge to a functional mixed effects model. A data-driven iterative estimation procedure is offered for the periodic smoothing spline estimation of the fixed effects, penalized estimation of the functional covariance of the random effects, and unit-specific random effects prediction via the best linear unbiased predictor.

Keywords: Cramér representation; Mixed effects model; Smoothing spline; Spectral analysis; Replicated time series

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Subjects: Probability and Statistics

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