Journal Article

Abilities of pulse pressure variations and stroke volume variations to predict fluid responsiveness in prone position during scoliosis surgery

M. Biais, O. Bernard, J. C. Ha, C. Degryse and F. Sztark

in BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia

Published on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia

Volume 104, issue 4, pages 407-413
Published in print April 2010 | ISSN: 0007-0912
Published online February 2010 | e-ISSN: 1471-6771 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bja/aeq031
Abilities of pulse pressure variations and stroke volume variations to predict fluid responsiveness in prone position during scoliosis surgery

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Background

Pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) are robust indicators of fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated supine patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of PPV and SVV to predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients in the prone position (PP) during scoliosis surgery.

Methods

Thirty subjects were studied after the induction of anaesthesia in the supine position [before and after volume expansion (VE) with 500 ml of hetastarch 6%] and in PP (immediately after PP and before and after VE). PPV, SVV, cardiac output (CO), and static compliance of the respiratory system were recorded at each interval. Subjects were defined as responders (Rs) to VE if CO increased ≥15%.

Results

Three subjects were excluded. In the supine position, 16 subjects were Rs. PPV and SVV before VE were correlated with VE-induced changes in CO (r2=0.64, P<0.0001 and r2=0.56, P<0.0001, respectively). Fluid responsiveness was predicted by PPV >11% (sensitivity=88%, specificity=82%) and by SVV >9% (sensitivity=88%, specificity=91%). PP induced an increase in PPV and SVV (P<0.0001) and a decrease in the static compliance of the respiratory system (P<0.0001). In PP, 17 patients were Rs. PPV and SVV before VE were correlated with VE-induced changes in CO (r2=0.59, P<0.0001 and r2=0.55, P<0.0005, respectively). Fluid responsiveness was predicted in PP by PPV >15% (sensitivity=100%, specificity=80%) and by SVV >14% (sensitivity=94%, specificity=80%).

Conclusions

PP induces a significant increase in PPV and SVV but does not alter their abilities to predict fluid responsiveness.

Keywords: fluids, i.v.; heart, cardiac output; monitoring, intraoperative; surgery, orthopaedic

Journal Article.  4026 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anaesthetics

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