Journal Article

Modularity and the Causal Markov Condition: A Restatement

Daniel M. Hausman and James Woodward

in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science

Published on behalf of British Society for the Philosophy of Science

Volume 55, issue 1, pages 147-161
Published in print March 2004 | ISSN: 0007-0882
Published online March 2004 | e-ISSN: 1464-3537 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjps/55.1.147
Modularity and the Causal Markov Condition: A Restatement

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Nancy Cartwright's comments ([2002]) expose some gaps and difficulties in the argument for the causal Markov condition in our essay ‘Independence, Invariance and the Causal Markov Condition’ ([1999]), and we are grateful for the opportunity to reformulate our position. In particular, Cartwright disagrees vigorously with many of the theses we advance about the connection between causation and manipulation. Although we are not persuaded by some of her criticisms, we shall confine ourselves to showing how our central argument can be reconstructed and to casting doubt on Cartwright's claim that the causal Markov condition typically fails when there are indeterministic by-products.

Why believe the causal Markov condition?

Causation and manipulation

The argument

Indeterministic by-products and the causal Markov condition

The chemical factory counterexample and PM2

Conclusions: causation and manipulability

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science ; Science and Mathematics

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