Journal Article

Causes and Explanations: A Structural-Model Approach. Part I: Causes

Joseph Y. Halpern and Judea Pearl

in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science

Published on behalf of British Society for the Philosophy of Science

Volume 56, issue 4, pages 843-887
Published in print December 2005 | ISSN: 0007-0882
Published online December 2005 | e-ISSN: 1464-3537 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjps/axi147
Causes and Explanations: A Structural-Model Approach. Part I: Causes

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We propose a new definition of actual causes, using structural equations to model counterfactuals. We show that the definition yields a plausible and elegant account of causation that handles well examples which have caused problems for other definitions and resolves major difficulties in the traditional account.

Introduction

Causal models: a review

2.1 Causal models

2.2 Syntax and semantics

The definition of cause

Examples

A more refined definition

Discussion

AAppendix: Some Technical Issues

A.1 The active causal process

A.2 A closer look at AC2(b)

A.3 Causality with infinitely many variables

A.4 Causality in nonrecursive models

Journal Article.  24112 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Science ; Science and Mathematics

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