Journal Article

Hybrid Models, Climate Models, and Inference to the Best Explanation

Joel Katzav

in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science

Published on behalf of British Society for the Philosophy of Science

Volume 64, issue 1, pages 107-129
Published in print March 2013 | ISSN: 0007-0882
Published online April 2012 | e-ISSN: 1464-3537 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjps/axs002
Hybrid Models, Climate Models, and Inference to the Best Explanation

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I examine the warrants we have in light of the empirical successes of a kind of model I call ‘hybrid models’, a kind that includes climate models among its members. I argue that these warrants’ strengths depend on inferential virtues that are not just explanatory virtues, contrary to what would be the case if inference to the best explanation (IBE) provided the warrants. I also argue that the warrants in question, unlike those IBE provides, guide inferences only to model implications about which there is real uncertainty. My conclusion provides criteria of adequacy for epistemologies of climate and other hybrid models.

1Introduction

2Inference to the Best Explanation and Beyond

3Hybrid Models and Explanatory-Instrumental Virtues

4Climate Models and Explanatory-Instrumental Virtues

5A Simple Energy Balance Model

6Hybrid Models and Inferential Holism

7Conclusions

Journal Article.  9552 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Science ; Science and Mathematics

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