Journal Article

Reflection as Dialogue

Nai Ming Tsang

in The British Journal of Social Work

Published on behalf of British Association of Social Workers

Volume 37, issue 4, pages 681-694
Published in print June 2007 | ISSN: 0045-3102
Published online August 2005 | e-ISSN: 1468-263X | DOI:
Reflection as Dialogue

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Much attention has been given to the use of reflection in social work practice and education. The literature shows that reflective dialogue can take place individually or in small groups. In this paper, the concept of dialogue is examined further at the internal and external levels by referring to the works of Bakhtin and other related scholars. Two other concepts, phronesis by Aristotle and kairos by Isocrates, are used to provide further insights into understanding such processes. The relevance of internal and external dialogue to social work practice and education is discussed. The integrated use of internal and external dialogue facilitates a shift among different perspectives and brings into awareness the multiple voices of different parties. Such a broadened view can limit the misuse of professional authority and enable the social worker to give fuller expression to core social values such as respect, justice and equality.

Keywords: reflection; internal and external dialogue; phronesis; kairos

Journal Article.  6378 words. 

Subjects: Social Work

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