Journal Article

Post-Traumatic Stress and Growth following Forced Relocation

Orit Nuttman-Shwartz, Rachel Dekel and Rivka Tuval-Mashiach

in The British Journal of Social Work

Published on behalf of British Association of Social Workers

Volume 41, issue 3, pages 486-501
Published in print April 2011 | ISSN: 0045-3102
Published online November 2010 | e-ISSN: 1468-263X | DOI:
Post-Traumatic Stress and Growth following Forced Relocation

Show Summary Details


Forced relocation has been recognised as a traumatic event, which can generate pathological and positive responses. The current study focused on the situation of Israeli residents who were forced to relocate from their homes in the Gaza Strip. Two main questions were examined: the association between post-traumatic symptoms and post-traumatic growth responses following the forced relocation; and the contribution of contextual variables to the variance in those reactions. A sample of 269 participants completed questionnaires, which assessed post-traumatic symptoms and growth following the relocation. The relationship between post-traumatic symptoms and growth was found to be curvilinear, depending on the levels of the post-traumatic symptoms. Participants who expressed a high sense of belonging to the country showed relatively high levels of growth and relatively low levels of post-traumatic symptoms. In addition, participants living in temporary housing reported lower levels of growth than did those in independent housing. These findings highlight the importance of contextual variables that affect people's ability to cope with traumatic events such as forced relocation. The findings also indicate that the strengths perspective and the Person in Environment approach might help social workers better understand the phenomenon of forced relocation and determine the level of their interventions.

Keywords: Post-traumatic symptoms; post-traumatic growth; forced relocation; sense of belonging; evacuees

Journal Article.  5532 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Work

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.