Journal Article

Intra-cortical connectivity in multiple sclerosis: a neurophysiological approach

Franca Tecchio, Giancarlo Zito, Filippo Zappasodi, Maria Luisa Dell’ Acqua, Doriana Landi, Davide Nardo, Domenico Lupoi, Paolo M. Rossini and Maria M. Filippi

in Brain

Published on behalf of The Guarantors of Brain

Volume 131, issue 7, pages 1783-1792
Published in print July 2008 | ISSN: 0006-8950
Published online May 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2156 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awn087
Intra-cortical connectivity in multiple sclerosis: a neurophysiological approach

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Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease predominantly affecting the white matter of the CNS, causing—among functional sequelae—cortico-cortical partial or total disconnection. Since functional connectivity linking cerebral regions is reliably reflected by synchronization of their neuronal firing, in this study an electrophysiological parameter measured by magnetoencephalography was used to quantify an intra-cortical connectivity (ICC) index focused on the primary somatosensory cortical areas (S1). Twenty-one patients affected by mild (Extended Disability Scale Score, median 1,5) relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis in the remitting phase without clinically evident sensory impairment were evaluated. Three dimensional MRI was used to quantify the lesion load, discriminating black hole and non-black hole portions, normalized by individual brain volumes. When matched with a control population, multiple sclerosis patients showed a reduced ICC combined with the complete loss of the finger-dependent functional specialization in S1 cortex of the dominant hemisphere. No association was found between ICC impairment and disease duration, or prolongation of the central sensory conduction time, presence of spinal cord lesions and ongoing disease modifying therapy. The ICC index slightly correlated with the lesion load. A local index of ICC in a circumscribed brain primary area was altered in mildly disabled RR-multiple sclerosis patients, also in absence of any impairment of central sensory conduction. In conclusion, the diffuse damage influencing the multi-nodal network subtending complex cerebral functions also affects intrinsic cortical connectivity. The S1 ICC index is proposed as a highly sensitive and simple-to-test functional measure for the evaluation of intra-cortical synchronization mechanisms in RR-multiple sclerosis.

Keywords: magnetoencephalography; cerebral connectivity; primary sensorimotor cortex; lesion load black holes

Journal Article.  5779 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology ; Neuroscience

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