Journal Article

Hippocampal tau pathology is related to neuroanatomical connections: an ageing population-based study

G. Lace, G. M. Savva, G. Forster, R. de Silva, C. Brayne, F. E. Matthews, J. J. Barclay, L. Dakin, P. G. Ince and S. B. Wharton

in Brain

Published on behalf of The Guarantors of Brain

Volume 132, issue 5, pages 1324-1334
Published in print May 2009 | ISSN: 0006-8950
Published online March 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2156 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awp059
Hippocampal tau pathology is related to neuroanatomical connections: an ageing population-based study

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Deposits of abnormally phosphorylated tau protein are found in numerous neurodegenerative disorders; the ‘tauopathies’, which include Alzheimer's and Pick's diseases, but tau pathology is also found in the ageing brain. Variation in tau pathology in brain ageing and its relationship to development of tauopathies and cognitive impairment remains unclear. We aimed to determine the extent and pattern of spread of tau pathology in the hippocampus, a susceptible region important in dementia and milder states of memory impairment, using hippocampal samples from the elderly population-based Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study neuropathology cohort. Tau deposition was assessed in hippocampal anatomical sub-regions using the AT8 antibody to phosphorylated tau and isoform-specific antibodies to 3 and 4-repeat tau (RD3 and RD4). Aβ pathology was also assessed. In this population sample, which includes the full ageing spectrum from individuals with no cognitive impairment to those with dementia satisfying clinico-pathology criteria for Alzheimer's disease, we have demonstrated a high prevalence at death of tau pathology. AT8, Aβ, RD3 and RD4 showed similar regional distribution and increased RD3 was noted in late-stage ghost tangles. Aβ was shown to be a poor explanatory variable for tau pathology. Tau deposition progressed in a hierarchical manner. Hippocampal input regions and projection zones (such as lateral entorhinal cortex, CA1/subiculum border and outer molecular layer of dentate) were initially affected, with anterograde progression though the hippocampal circuitry. Six hippocampal tau anatomical stages were defined, each linking projectionally to their adjacent stages, suggesting spread of tau malfunction through neuroanatomical pathways in hippocampal ageing. These stages were significantly associated with dementia, and may provide a clinically useful tool in the clinico-pathological assessment of dementia and mild cognitive impairment.

Keywords: tau; neurodegeneration; dementia; ageing; Alzheimer's disease

Journal Article.  7249 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology ; Neuroscience

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