Journal Article

Induction of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine in DNA by chromium(III) plus hydrogen peroxide and its prevention by scavengers

Tsui-Chun Tsou, Chiu-Lan Chen, Tsung-Yun Liu and Jia-Ling Yang

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 1, pages 103-108
Published in print January 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.1.103
Induction of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine in DNA by chromium(III) plus hydrogen peroxide and its prevention by scavengers

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The capability of Cr(III) to induce DNA lesions generated by oxidative damage was investigated in this study by examining the formation of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in calf thymus DNA by CrCl3 and/or H2O2 in 10 mM phosphate buffer. In the presence of 0.5 mM H2O2, the formation of 8-OHdG markedly increased with increasing CrCl3 concentration. In contrast, H2O2 or CrCl3 alone did not cause any increase in 8-OHdG level above background. The amount of 8-OHdG induced by CrCl3 plus H2O2 was time dependent; its generation increased linearly over an incubation period of 90 min. The formation of 8-OHdG was unfavorable in an acidic solution (pH < 6); the highest level of 8-OHdG was observed at pH 7–8. Scavengers of reactive oxygen species markedly inhibited the formation of 8-OHdG by CrCl3 plus H2O2; the inhibition effect was sodium azide > D-mannitol > Tris-HCI at an equal concentration. The induction of 8-OHdG by CrCl3 plus H2O2 remained unchanged in D2O. Moreover, an addition of catalase (2.2 U/ml) to the reaction mixture completely inhibited the formation of 8-OHdG by CrCl3/H2O2, whereas only 22% of that formation was inhibited by superoxide dismutase (11 U/ml). A large amount of bovine serum albumin (1.1 mg/ml) could reduce the formation of 8-OHdG by CrCl3 plus H2O2, thereby implying that Cr(III)-mediated DNA-protein crosslinks are unfavorable for 8-OHdG formation. Furthermore, ascorbate could prevent the formation of 8-OHdG by CrCl3 plus H2O2; the extent of prevention increased with increasing ascorbate concentration (10 μM-3 mM). Thus, ascorbate acts as a free radical scavenger in the CrCl3/H2O2 system. The above findings suggest that Cr(III)/H2O2 could generate oxidative damage to DNA, possibly through a Fenton-like reaction, i.e. Cr(III) + H2O2 ↑ Cr(IV) + OH + OH. This study also indicates that Cr(III), previously considered as the ultimate kinetically stable species of Cr(VI) metabolites, is capable of inducing carcinogenic lesions through interaction with a cellular oxygen species.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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