Journal Article

SHORT COMMUNICATION: 1, <i>N</i><sup>6</sup>-Ethenoadenine and <sup>3</sup>, <i>N</i><sup>4</sup>-ethenocytosine are excised by separate human DNA glycosylases

B. Hang, A. Chenna, S. Rao and B. Singer

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 1, pages 155-157
Published in print January 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.1.155
SHORT COMMUNICATION: 1, N6-Ethenoadenine and 3, N4-ethenocytosine are excised by separate human DNA glycosylases

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We previously reported our finding that human cells contain glycosylase activity toward all four etheno bases formed in DNA by chloroacetaldehyde and related bi-functional aldehydes. By enzyme purification, including FPLC, we isolated two separate glycosylase activities for 1,N6-ethenoadenine (ɛA) and for 3, N4-ethenocytosine (ɛC) respectively, from crude HeLa cell-free extracts, which also contained a number of well-described glycosylases. When Mono-S FPLC purified proteins were assayed against defined oligomers containing either ɛA or ɛC, it was found that ɛA and ɛC glycosylases were completely separated. It could also be demonstrated that each enzyme bound to and cut only ɛA-or ɛC-containing oligomers respectively. There was no overlap in specificity for these two substrates. Several other human glycosylase substrates were also tested and none were cleaved by ɛC glycosylase. The ɛC glycosylase activity identified in the present study apparently represents a previously unknown glycosylase. This work also suggests that enzyme recognition of closely related DNA adducts may depend upon subtle changes in local conformation.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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