Journal Article

SHORT COMMUNICATION: Inhibition of rat mammary tumorigenesis by dietary cholesterol

Ahmed EI-Sohemy, W.Robert Bruce and Michael C. Archer

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 1, pages 159-162
Published in print January 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.1.159
SHORT COMMUNICATION: Inhibition of rat mammary tumorigenesis by dietary cholesterol

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The effects of dietary cholesterol and oxidized cholesterol on mammary tumor development were examined in female Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to the carcinogen N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). Animals were administered 50 mg/kg MNU at 50 days of age and fed either a control (AIN-76) diet or the control diet supplemented with 0.3% cholesterol or 0.3% oxidized cholesterol for up to 26 weeks. The oxidized cholesterol was prepared by heating cholesterol at 110°C for 48 h. Gas chromatographic analysis of the oxidized cholesterol revealed a 2% yield of oxidation products in addition to a large amount of unchanged cholesterol (>96%). Tumor incidence in the cholesterol group (67%) was significantly lower than in the control group (96%, P <0.05), but the oxidized cholesterol group (79%) was not significantly different from the control or cholesterol groups. Average number of tumors per animal was lower in the cholesterol group (1.5) than in the control (2.8) or oxidized cholesterol groups (2.3, P <0.005). Serum low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol was greater in the cholesterol (185± 38 mg/dl) and the oxidized cholesterol groups (160± 34 mg/dl) than in the control (55± 4 mg/ dl, P <0.05), although there was no difference between the cholesterol and the oxidized cholesterol groups. These results show that dietary cholesterol inhibits mammary tumor development in this model. Elevated serum LDL cholesterol may inhibit de novo cholesterol synthesis in preneoplastic and/or tumor cells, thereby inhibiting their proliferation.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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