Journal Article

Precursor-product relationship between oval cells and hepatocytes: comparison between tritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine as tracers

Ritva P. Evarts, Zongyi Hu, Nobuhiko Omori, Masako Omori, Elizabeth R. Marsden and Snorri S. Thorgeirsson

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 10, pages 2143-2151
Published in print October 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 1996 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.10.2143
Precursor-product relationship between oval cells and hepatocytes:
                    comparison between tritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine as
                    tracers

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The expansion and differentiation of oval cells in the acetylaminofluorene (AAF)/partial hepatectomy (PH) model was studied utilizing pulse-chase labeling with both tritiated thymidine ([3H]TdR) and bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR). Animals in which a significant decrease in serum albumin and increase in alanine aminotransferase and bilirubin were observed demonstrated the most prominent differentiation of oval cells into hepatocytes. Administration of [3H]TdR or BUdR, either individually or together, to the animals on day 6 after partial hepatectomy resulted in labeling of the majority of the oval cells by days 7 and 9 after PH. A striking difference in the distribution of [3H]TdR- and BUdR-labeled cells in the double labeling experiments was observed on day 11, at which time the number of [3H]TdR-labeled cells increased 6-fold and that of double labeled cells decreased 2-fold. Furthermore, on day 11 the basophilic foci were weakly positive for BUdR and negative at later time points in animals receiving BUdR alone or together with [3H]TdR. In contrast, the cells in basophilic foci as well as transitional cells were positive for [3H]TdR. Cells heavily labeled with both [3H]TdR and BUdR were present at all time points, indicating an inhibition of the proliferative activity. Pulse labeling of rat liver epithelial cells with BUdR in vitro demonstrated that immunodetection of BUdR was lost after three or more cell divisions. We conclude that the BUdR tagging method is particularly sensitive to label dilution during cell cycling and may not be suitable for establishment of a precursor-product relationship between cell lineages when the progenitor population proliferates more than three times.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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