Journal Article

Asbestos promotes morphological transformation and elevates expression of a gene family invariably induced by tumor promoters in C3H/10T1/2 cells

Craig L.J. Parfett, Raymond Pilon and Aris A. Caldeira

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 12, pages 2719-2726
Published in print December 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 1996 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.12.2719
Asbestos promotes morphological transformation and elevates
                    expression of a gene family invariably induced by tumor promoters in
                    C3H/10T1/2 cells

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

The murine proliferin gene family, which has been shown to respond consistently to tumor promoters and other cellular pro-oxidant agents in C3H/10T1/2 cells, was used to monitor responses after treatment of these cell cultures with toxic, pro-oxidant asbestos fibres. Proliferin mRNA levels were increased by amosite, crocidolite or chrysotile asbestos fibres, especially in the presence of fresh serum and at low cell densities. Promotion of morphological transformation was confirmed in two-stage focus formation assays using crocidolite at a fibre density that induced proliferin expression. Asbestos-induced gene expression was inhibited by millimolar levels ofN-acetylcysteine (NAC), supporting a linkage between: (i) induced oxidant stress that was sufficient to promote morphological transformation; (ii) induction of proliferin expression. Other anti-oxidant compounds (dithiothreitol and pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate) or enzymes (superoxide dismutase and catalase) did not inhibit induced expression. Non-fibrous powders (titanium dioxide, quartz or silica gel) were also effective inducers of proliferin mRNA accumulation. Latex beads and activated charcoal were effective at higher particle densities, implying that ubiquitous particle-induced surface membrane effects can lead to an NAC-reversible step necessary for proliferin induction. The results showed that asbestos resembled all other promoters of morphological transformation in C3H/10T1/2 cells in that an anti-oxidant-sensitive induction of the proliferin gene family occurred following treatment.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.