Journal Article

SHORT COMMUNICATION: Regulated expression of <i>APE</i> apurinic endonuclease mRNA during wound healing in porcine epidermis

Lynn Harrison, Ted Galanopoulos, A.Gian Ascione, Harry N. Antoniades and Bruce Demple

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 2, pages 377-381
Published in print February 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 1996 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.2.377
SHORT COMMUNICATION: Regulated expression of APE apurinic endonuclease mRNA during wound healing in porcine epidermis

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A basic (AP) sites in DNA are cytotoxic and mutagenic and their repair is initiated by AP endonucleases. The major AP endonuclease of mammalian cells is encoded by the APE gene. Ape protein has also been proposed to modulatethe activity of some transcription factors independently of its AP endonuclease activity. We investigated whether APE expression is coordinated with cell division, which could diminish mutagenesis. The level of APE mRNA was followed during wound healing in porcine epidermis, in which surgical wounding prompts rapid cell proliferation followed by a differentiation program to regenerate normal skin. In situ hybridization with a probe from human APE cDNA revealed strongly decreased expression in rapidly proliferating migrating cells duringthe first 1–3 days following wounding, succeeded by sharply increased APE expression that exceededthe pre-wounding levels by days 9–17. These changes were not observed in the surrounding undamaged tissue. In contrast to the foregoing in vivo results, APE expression in cultured primary human fibroblasts (IMR90) or myeloid Leukemia cells (K562) was not coordinated with cell division. This biphasic APE expression during wound healing could relate to transcription factor regulation or it could allow unhindered DNA synthesis orprepare the developing epidermis to handle DNA damage. However, if transient under-expression of APE-encoded repair enzyme does occur, it might render regenerating skin especially vulnerable to mutagenesis during the cell proliferation phase.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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