Journal Article

Early hepatic changes induced in rats by two hepatocarcinogenic organohalogen pesticides: bromopropylate and DDT

Grażyna Kostka, Joanna Kopeć-Szlęzak and Danuta Palut

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 3, pages 407-412
Published in print March 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.3.407
Early hepatic changes induced in rats by two hepatocarcinogenic organohalogen pesticides: bromopropylate and DDT

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The aim of the present studies was to describe the effect of two organohalogen pesticides: DDT and bromopropylate, on early changes in rat liver, proposed in the literature to be useful endpoints in screening of non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogens and/or liver tumor promoters. We investigated the effects on the following endpoints: hepatomegaly, mitogenesis (DNA synthesis, mitotic activity, percentage of binuclear cells) and cytochrome CYP2B1-dependent monooxygenase induction. The histological and cytochemical changes in the liver were also recorded. Male Wistar rats received bromopropylate in one, three or five daily oral doses of 125, 250 and 500 mg/kg body wt. day−1. DDT was applied as one, three and five daily oral doses of 24 mg/kg body wt. day−1 (this dose is close to the mean hepato-carcinogenic dose in male Wistar rats: 34.1 mg/kg body wt. day−1). In the case of both pesticides the early effects observed consisted of hepatomegaly accompanied by an increase in the p-nitroanisole O-demethylase activity and hepatocyte proliferation. Hepatocyte proliferation was elevated during the total experimental period. Vacuolated cytoplasm and evident focal necrosis may suggest that the maximal increase in hepatocyte proliferation, preceding hepatomegaly, is at least partly related to a regenerative liver response to pesticides. In addition to the abovementioned early changes, the present findings provide new evidence for the occurrence of dose-dependent abnormal mitoses (and c-mitoses) in the hepatocytes of the bromopropylate and DDT treated rats.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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