Journal Article

Induction of the transcription factor AP-1 in cultured human colon adenocarcinoma cells following exposure to bile acids

Fuminori Hirano, Hirotoshi Tanaka, Yuichi Makino, Kensaku Okamoto, Masaki Hiramoto, Hiroshi Handa and Isao Makino

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 3, pages 427-433
Published in print March 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.3.427
Induction of the transcription factor AP-1 in cultured human colon adenocarcinoma cells following exposure to bile acids

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We studied the effects of bile acids on inducibility of the transcription factor AP-1 in human colon carcinoma LoVo cells. Firstly, cells were treated with chenodeoxycholic acid and the nuclear extracts from those cells were processed by electrophoretic mobility shift assays to analyze nuclear AP-1 DNA-binding activity. We demonstrated that chenodeoxycholic acid induced AP-1 DNA-binding activity in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Antibody supershift experiments clearly revealed that the majority of protein components in induced AP-1 DNA-binding activity were the products of oncogenes c-fos and c-jun. On the other hand, DNA-binding activity in the nuclear extracts for either NFkB, Spl, or ATF/CREB was not affected by bile acids, suggesting that the effect of bile acids was rather specific for AP-1. Transient transfection experiments supported this notion: expression of the AP-1-luciferase reporter construct was induced by bile acids in a dose-dependent manner, and expression of either reporter construct for NFkB, Spl, or ATF/CREB was not influenced by treatment of the cells with bile acids. We also demonstrated that those bile acids efficiently activated AP-1-dependent promoter in DLD-1 cells, which (as well as LoVo cells), are derived from colon adenocarcinoma, but not in COLO32ODM cells which are from colon carcinoid tumor. Thus, we may indicate that bile acids exclusively induce nuclear AP-1 activity in colon adenocarcinoma cells.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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