Journal Article

TCDD-inducible plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 (PAI-2) in human hepatocytes, HepG2 and monocytic U937 cells

G. Gohl, T. Lehmköster, P.A. Münzel, D. Schrenk, R. Viebahn and K.W. Bock

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 3, pages 443-449
Published in print March 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.3.443
TCDD-inducible plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 (PAI-2) in human hepatocytes, HepG2 and monocytic U937 cells

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Induction of PAI-2 by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) has been studied in human primary hepatocytes, hepatoma HepG2 cells and monocytic U937 cells, extending recent findings in human keratinocytes. PAI-2 represents a serpine-type protease inhibitor with wide-ranging implications in fibrinolysis, extracellular matrix proteolysis, growth factor activation and carcinogenesis. PAI-2 was induced by >10−9 M TCDD in hepatocytes and HepG2 cells and by >10−10 M TCDD in U937 cells. In the latter cell line, PAI-2 induction by TCDD and by 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) has been compared. TCDD appeared to be less efficient than TPA as an inducer of PAI-2. In contrast to induction by TPA, PAI-2 induction by TCDD was found to be biphasic, with an early peak of mRNA at 1–3 h and a late peak at 12–24 h. A biphasic response was also seen at the protein level although production of PAI-2 protein lagged behind the corresponding mRNA. PAI-2 is known to contain AP-1 sites, i.e. Jun/Fos protein-binding sites, in its promotor region. Hence, PAI-2 induction by TCDD has originally been conceived to be due to an indirect response, secondary to the induction of Jun/Fos proteins. Therefore, expression of jun/fos genes and their AP-1 activity were studied at the early phase of PAI-2 induction by TCDD. TCDD did not increase mRNA of c-fos, c-jun, junB or junD (in contrast to TPA which markedly increased the expression of c-fos and junB), nor did TCDD increase AP-1 activity. In conclusion, the findings suggest that PAI-2 induction by TCDD is not restricted to human keratinocytes but includes liver cells and monocytic U937 cells. The induction mechanism is complex but the early phase does not appear to involve Jun/Fos proteins.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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