Journal Article

Effect of vitamin-antioxidant micronutrients on the frequency of spontaneous and <i>in vitro</i> γ-ray-induced micronuclei in lymphocytes of donors: the age factor

Azhub I. Gaziev, Gennadii R. Sologub, Ludmila A. Fomenko, Svetlana I. Zaichkina, Nelli I. Kosyakova and Robert J. Bradbury

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 3, pages 493-499
Published in print March 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.3.493
Effect of vitamin-antioxidant micronutrients on the frequency of spontaneous and in vitro γ-ray-induced micronuclei in lymphocytes of donors: the age factor

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The effect of prolonged consumption of a vitamin-anti-oxidant mixture (VAM) on the frequency of spontaneous and in vitro γ-radiation-induced micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes in donors of various ages was investigated. Three groups of donors were recruited: (i) 56–83 years old (35 subjects), (ii) 23–30 years old (13 subjects), and (iii) 63–82 years old (12 subjects). Blood was sampled every 4 months for one year in all donors of the three groups. After the first sampling of blood, the donors of groups (i) and (ii) took VAM containing the vitamins A, C, E, as well as β-carotene, folic acid, and rutin daily for 4 months. After the second blood sampling, the intake of VAM was terminated. The third blood sample was taken 4 months after termination of VAM intake. A part of the blood was exposed to γ-radiation and the frequency of spontaneous and induced MN in lymphocytes was assayed. The analyses showed that the frequency of spontaneous and in vitro γ-ray-induced MN in aged donors was significantly higher than that in young donors. No seasonal variations in MN frequency were observed in human lymphocytes during one year. Aged donors showed a statistically significant decrease in spontaneous MN in lymphocytes after a 4 month period of consumption of VAM. The intake of VAM by both aged and young donors promoted a decrease in MN induced in lymphocytes in vitro by γ-radiation. The results of our observations enable the suggestion that consumption of VAM favours a decrease in the chromosome damage produced by endogenous and exogenous factors in human lymphocytes.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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