Journal Article

Faculty DNA polymerase δ/ɛ-mediated excision repair in response to γ radiation or ultraviolet light in p53-deficient fibroblast strains from affected members of a cancer-prone family with Li-Fraumeni syndrome

Razmik Mirzayans, Louise Enns, Kevin Dietrich, Randy D.C. Barley and Malcolm C. Paterson

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 4, pages 691-698
Published in print April 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 1996 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.4.691
Faculty DNA polymerase δ/ɛ-mediated excision
                    repair in response to γ radiation or ultraviolet light in p53-deficient
                    fibroblast strains from affected members of a cancer-prone family with
                    Li-Fraumeni syndrome

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Dermal fibroblast strains cultured from affected members of a cancer-prone family with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) harbor a point mutation in one allele of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, resulting in loss of normal p53 function. In this study we have examined the ability of these p53-deficient strains to carry out the long-patch, mode of excision repair, mediated by DNA polymerases δ and ɛ after exposure to 60Co γ radiation or far ultraviolet (UV) (chiefly 254 nm) light. Repair was monitored by incubation of the irradiated cultures in the presence of aphidicolin (ape) or 1-β-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (araC), each a specific inhibitor of long-patch repair, followed by measurement of drug-induced DNA strand breaks (reflecting nonligated strand incision events) by alkaline sucrose velocity sedimentation. The LFS strains displayed deficient repair capacity in response to both γ rays and UV light. The repair anomaly in UV-irradiated LFS cultures was manifested not only in the overall genome, but also in the transcriptionally active, preferentially repaired c-myc gene. Using autoradiography we also assessed unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) after UV irradiation and found this conventional measure of repair replication to be deficient in LFS strains. Moreover, both apc and araC decreased the level of UV-induced UDS by ∼75% in normal cells, but each had only a marginal effect on LFS cells. We further demonstrated that the LFS strains are impaired in the recovery of both RNA and replicative DNA syntheses after UV treatment, two molecular anomalies of the DNA repair deficiency disorders xerodermapigentosum and Cockayne's syndrome. Together these results imply a critical role for wild-type p53 protein in DNA polymerase δ/ɛ-mediated excision repair, both the mechanism operating on the entire genome and that acting onexpressed genes.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.