Journal Article

CARCINOGENESIS: Expression of cytochrome P450s and glutathione S-transferases in human esophagus with squamous-cell carcinomas

Tamie Nakajima, Rui-Sheng Wang, Yoshinori Nimura, Yu-Min Pin, Ming He, Harri Vainio, Ninzo Murayama, Toshifumi Aoyama and Futoshi Iida

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 7, pages 1477-1481
Published in print July 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.7.1477
CARCINOGENESIS: Expression of cytochrome P450s and glutathione S-transferases in human esophagus with squamous-cell carcinomas

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In order to clarify the expression of cytochrome P450 and glutathione S-transferase in human esophagus, 41 samples of human esophagus with squamous-cell carcinoma were investigated by immunoblot analysis and enzyme assays. Cytochrome P450 1A2/1 was clearly expressed in micro-somes, and the amount in samples with tumorous tissue was significantly greater than that in samples without tumorous tissues or in liver; cytochrome P450 2B6 and 3A4/3 were expressed polymorphically. Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity was detected in microsomes and was greater in samples from smokers than non-smokers. Patients who both smoked and drank alcohol, however, had activity similar to that of patients without these habits. Glutathione S-transferase Ml and A1/2 protein existed polymorphically in cytosol, and glutathione S-transferase Pl-1 was detected in all samples.The frequency of expression of the glutathione S-transferase A1/2 protein was greater in patients with Ml protein than in those without; no difference in the expression was seen for glutathione S-transferase Pl-1. Neither smoking nor drinking influenced the expression or activity of glutathione S-transferase. Our data support the idea that some carcinogens can be directly activated or inactivated in human esophageal epithelium.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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