Journal Article

ACCELERATED PAPER: Relationship between the intracellular reactive oxygen species and the induction of oxidative DNA damage in human neutrophil-like cells

Toru Takeuchi, Madoka Nakajima and Kanehisa Morimoto

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 8, pages 1543-1548
Published in print August 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.8.1543
ACCELERATED PAPER: Relationship between the intracellular reactive oxygen species and the induction of oxidative DNA damage in human neutrophil-like cells

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To clarify the mechanisms of intracellular induction of oxidative DNA damage, we have investigated the concentrations of intracellular reactive oxygen species and the amounts of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8OHdG), a mutagenic oxidative DNA damage, in human neutrophil-like cells, dimethylsulfoxide-differentiated HL60 (DMSO-HL60). We determined intracellular concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and superoxide by flow cytometry with dichlorofluorescein diacetate and hydroethidine, respectively. We determined the 8OHdG amounts with an electrochemical detector connected to HPLC after anaerobic sample processing. DMSO-HL60 releases superoxide upon stimulation with phorbol myristate acetate, and the released superoxide dismutates to hydrogen peroxide. Stimulation of DMSO-HL60 with 100 nM phorbol myristate acetate increased intracellular hydrogen peroxide, superoxide and 8OHdG (control). Addition of 1000 U/ml catalase decreased hydrogen peroxide (313% of control) and 8OHdG (20.3%). Addition of 100 U/ml SOD decreased superoxide (18.7%) and 8OHdG (41.6%). Addition of 1 mM deferoxamine decreased 8OHdG (30.4%), but increased hydrogen peroxide (129.6%). Addition of 200 μM 4-acetamido-4-isothiocyanostilbene-2, 2'-disulfonic acid decreased superoxide (59.9%) and 8OHdG (42.0%). Addition of 0.4% ethanol had no effect on superoxide concentration (102.2%), but tended to decrease hydrogen peroxide (83.5%) and 8OHdG (84.3%). Pretreatment of DMSO-HL60 with 0.1 mM FeSO4 increased 8OHdG (1173%), but decreased hydrogen peroxide(75.8%). These findings indicate that the extracellularly released superoxide and hydrogen peroxide diffuse into the cell, but that such reactive oxygen species are not the direct molecules to induce 8OHdG. Our results suggest that 8OHdG is induced by the hydroxyl radical which is generated from intracellular hydrogen peroxide and superoxide-reduced Fe.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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