Journal Article

<i>GSTMI</i> and <i>NAT2</i> genotypes and urinary mutagens in coke oven workers

G. Gabbani, S.-M. Hou, B. Nardini, M. Marchioro, B. Lambert and E. Clonfero

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 8, pages 1677-1681
Published in print August 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.8.1677
GSTMI and NAT2 genotypes and urinary mutagens in coke oven workers

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The influence of the metabolic genotypes GSTMI and NAT2 on the urinary excretion of mutagens in 46 coke oven workers (27 of them smokers) was studied. Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) was estimated from urinary 1-pyrenol levels, which varied from 0.23 to 5.59 μmol/mol creatinine. Fourteen urine samples (30.4%), all but one belonging to smokers, were positive for mutagenic activity (i.e. at least one of the assayed doses was able to double the number of spontaneous revertants). Nine of the urine-positive subjects were both GSTMI-null and NAT2-ss (64.3%), while the same combination of genotypes was found in nine out of 31 urine-negative subjects (29.0%) (P < 0.05). Significantly more smoking workers with the genotype combination GSTM1-null/NAT2-ss showed positive urine mutagenicity than the other subjects (75.0 versus 28.6%, P< 0.05). Smokers with the slow acetylator genotype showed a significantly higher frequency of positive urine samples than smoking fast acetylators (64.7 versus 22.2%, P < 0.05). Our results suggest that smoking coke oven workers with genotypes unfavourable for detoxification of aromatic amines (NAT2-ss) and PAH (GSTM1-null) may have an increased risk of developing bladder cancer.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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