Journal Article

Activation of 4-hydroxytamoxifen and the tamoxifen derivative metabolite E by uterine peroxidase to form DNA adducts: Comparison with DNA adducts formed in the uterus of Sprague-Dawley rats treated with tamoxifen

Deena N. Pathak, Krisztina Pongracz and William J. Bodell

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 9, pages 1785-1790
Published in print September 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online September 1996 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.9.1785
Activation of 4-hydroxytamoxifen and the tamoxifen derivative
                    metabolite E by uterine peroxidase to form DNA adducts: Comparison with DNA
                    adducts formed in the uterus of Sprague-Dawley rats treated with
                    tamoxifen

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Daily intraperitoneal treatment of female Sprague-Dawley rats with either 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg tamoxifen (TAM) for 1 weeks increased the level of peroxidase activity in the uterus 2- to 10-fold compared to the control level. Using uterine extracts prepared from control and TAM treated animals, we investigated the activation of 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-HO-TAM) and (E, Z)-1, 2-dipheny-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-but-1-ene (cis/trans-metabolite E) to form DNA adducts. Activation of 4-HO-TAM by uterine extracts prepared from either control or TAM-treated rats produced one major (a) and Two minor DNA (b and c) adducts. A similar activation of cis/trans-metabolite E produced two adducts (d and e). There was good correlation between levels of uterine peroxidase activity and levels of DNA adducts formed by 4-HO-TAM and cis/trans-metabolite E. Activation of 4-HO-TAM and cis/trans-metabolite E with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) produced the same adducts as observed by activation with uterine extract Treatment of Sprague-Dawley rats with 5 and 10 mg/kg for 7 days produced eleven DNA adducts in the liver with no adducts detected in the uterus. However, treatment of rats with 20 mg/kg of TAM for 7 days produced the same adduct pattern in the liver and also one major adduct (1) in the uterus with a relative adduct level of 6.4 ±4.1×10−9. Tamoxifen-DNA adduct 1 detected both in the liver and in the uterus of treated rats was similar to adducts produced by activation of 4-HO-TAM with either uterine extract or HRP. The results of these studies suggest a general model whereby the tamoxifen metabolite 4-HO-TAM is further activated in the uterus by peroxidase enzymes to form DNA adducts.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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