Journal Article

Dose rate and mode of exposure are key factors in JNK activation by UV irradiation

Victor Adler, Alla Polotskaya, Jeannette Kim, Lisa Dolan, Roger Davis, Matthew Pincus and Ze'ev Ronai

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 9, pages 2073-2076
Published in print September 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online September 1996 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.9.2073
Dose rate and mode of exposure are key factors in JNK activation by
                    UV irradiation

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Single exposure of cells to UVC (254 nm for 30 s) or to UVB (300 nm for 10 min) was shown to activate jun-NH2 kinases which, in turn, phosphorylate their substrates ELK-1, c-jun and ATF-2. While UVC (40–80 J/m2) activates JNK up to 4 h, with maximal induction after 30 min, UVB (150–300 J/m2) activates JNK over a prolonged period, up to 24 h, with maximal induction after 6 h. UV-mediated activation of src-related tyrosine kinases and MAPK revealed different kinetics, with maximal induction after 24 h. As recent studies had indicated a role of a UVC component in mediating the ability of UVB to activate JNK, we have examined the effect of dose rate as well as of multiplicity of exposures on the activation of these kinases. The UVC portion found in 300 J/m2 UVB (5%, corresponding to 15 J/m2, administered within 10 s) did not activate JNK. However, when the same dose was administered at a lower rate (i.e. over 10 min, as needed for UVB irradiation) it was found capable of activating JNK, MAPK and src kinases, but to a lower degree and with different kinetics than found for UVB. Such differences point to cellular changes which are elicited by UVB, but not UVC. Although a single UVB exposure using a filter that blocks wavelengths below 300 nm prevented activation of JNK, multiple exposures of filtered UVB wavelengths (mimicking chronic exposure) were able to activate JNK. We conclude that the mode of UVB exposure (dose rate and multiplicity) is a crucial determinant for physiologically relevant activation of JNK.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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