Journal Article

Evidence of <i>anti</i>-benzo[<i>a</i>]pyrene diolepoxide-DNA adduct formation in human colon mucosa

Kroum Alexandrov, Margarita Rojas, Fred F. Kadlubar, Nicholas P. Lang and Helmut Bartsch

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 17, issue 9, pages 2081-2083
Published in print September 1996 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online September 1996 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/17.9.2081
Evidence of anti-benzo[a]pyrene
                    diolepoxide-DNA adduct formation in human colon mucosa

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As risk factors for colorectal cancer include consumption of foods potentially contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), the level of ( + )-r-7, t-8-dihydroxy-t-9, 10-oxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene [(+ )-anti-BPDE] bound to DNA of human colon mucosa samples was quantified by a sensitive and specific HPLC/fluorescence method (Alexandrov et al., Cancer Res. 51, 6248–6253, 1992). (+ )-anti-BPDE-DNA adducts were detected in four out of seven colon mucosa samples but not in any of 11 human pancreas samples from smokers and non-smokers. Adduct levels in human colon varied between 0.2 and 1.0 ( + )-anti-BPDE-DNA adducts/108 nucleotides. Our results provide evidence that: (i) the DNA in human colon cells can be damaged by benzo[a]pyrene, possibly derived from diet and/or tobacco smoke; (ii) DNA adduct formation in human colon epithelium proceeds via the diol epoxide pathway; (iii) benzo[a]pyrene and other PAHs could play a role in the etiology of human colorectal cancer.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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