Journal Article

Lack of p53 and ras mutations in Helicobacter hepaticus-induced liver tumors in A/JCr mice.

M A Sipowicz, C M Weghorst, Y H Shiao, G S Buzard, R J Calvert, M R Anver, L M Anderson and J M Rice

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 1, pages 233-236
Published in print January 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.1.233
Lack of p53 and ras mutations in Helicobacter hepaticus-induced liver tumors in A/JCr mice.

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Helicobacter hepaticus is a recently discovered bacterium that invades mouse liver causing chronic active hepatitis followed by development of preneoplastic hepatocellular foci, hepatocellular adenomas and carcinomas. This establishes a unique animal model for study of the mechanisms of cancer development due to a chronic bacterial infection. A possible mechanism of bacteria-associated tumorigenesis is mutation of oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. Since mutations in ras oncogenes have been widely detected in a variety of chemically induced and spontaneous mouse liver tumors and specific mutations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene have been associated with human bladder cancers attributed to chronic schistosomal infection, we studied exons 1 and 2 of the N-, K- and H-ras genes and exons 5-8 of the p53 gene for the presence of point mutations in 25 liver tumors from 10 naturally infected A/JCr mice, ranging in age from 16 to 24 months. The 20 adenomas and five carcinomas varied in size from 0.1 to 2.3 cm and arose in livers characterized by a wide assortment of pathological profiles, including hepatitis, inflammation, hyperplasia, hypertrophy, leukocyte infiltration, necrosis and focal phenotypic alteration. DNA samples extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues were screened by PCR/SSCP analysis and showed no mutations in the analyzed genes. Complete absence of mutations in ras genes in 25 mouse liver tumors is unusual. Other genes may be targeted or H. hepaticus infection causes liver cancer through other pathways than direct damage to DNA.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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