Journal Article

Suppression of intestinal polyp development by low-fat and high-fiber diet in Apc(delta716) knockout mice.

K Hioki, N Shivapurkar, H Oshima, O Alabaster, M Oshima and M M Taketo

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 10, pages 1863-1865
Published in print October 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.10.1863
Suppression of intestinal polyp development by low-fat and high-fiber diet in Apc(delta716) knockout mice.

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Most epidemiological and animal studies show a positive correlation of the dietary intake of fat with the incidence of colon cancer, whereas an inverse correlation of the dietary intake of fiber. In rats fed a diet low in fat and high in wheat bran fiber and calcium, a significant decrease was reported in the number of azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci compared with those fed a high-fat, low-fiber and low-calcium diet. Mutations in the human APC gene play a key role, not only in familial adenomatous polyposis, but also in many sporadic cancers of the entire digestive tract. We previously constructed a mouse strain Apc(delta716), carrying a truncation mutation at codon 716 of the Apc gene, the homolog of human APC (10). The heterozygous mice developed numerous intestinal polyps, and all microadenomas dissected from the earliest polyps had already lost the wild-type allele, indicating the loss of heterozygosity. Using these Apc(delta716) knockout mice, we have investigated the effect of a low-fat and high-fiber diet (LRD for 'low-risk' diet) on intestinal polyposis, and compared it with that of a high-fat and low-fiber diet (HRD for 'high-risk' diet). The mice were fed either diet for 7 weeks, and the number and size of intestinal polyps were scored. The LRD-fed mice had fewer polyps than the HRD-fed mice, by 36% in the small intestine and by 64% in the colon. As for the polyp size distribution, there was no significant difference between the HRD- and LRD-fed mice. These results indicate that LRD can suppress intestinal polyposis compared with HRD which does not, and suggest that its suppression is at the initiation of polyp formation. This is likely to be due to a decreased frequency of loss of heterozygosity, rather than a retarded growth of the polyp adenomas.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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