Journal Article

Mutagenicity of oxidative DNA damage in Chinese hamster V79 cells.

T Takeuchi, S Matsugo and K Morimoto

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 11, pages 2051-2055
Published in print November 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.11.2051
Mutagenicity of oxidative DNA damage in Chinese hamster V79 cells.

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We have investigated the mutagenicity of oxidative DNA damage induced in V79 Chinese hamster lung fibroblast, and measured 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8OHdG) levels as an indicator of this damage. A hydroxyl radical generator, N,N'-bis(2-hydroxyperoxy-2-methoxyethyl)-1,4,5,8-naphthalene-tetra -carboxylic-diimide (NP-III), induced 8OHdG in V79 upon irradiation with 366 nm ultraviolet light (UV) for 15 min. 8OHdG was determined by HPLC with electrochemical detection after anaerobic sample processing. The 8OHdG level in the cells treated without NP-III was 0.49 per 10(5) dG, whereas levels in the cells treated with 5, 10 or 20 microM NP-III and UV irradiation were 1.84, 4.06 or 6.95 per 10(5) dG, respectively. The 8OHdG induced by 20 microM NP-III with UV irradiation decreased rapidly, and the half-life of the induced 8OHdG was approximately 6 h. NP-III with UV irradiation also induced DNA strand breaks in all cells uniformly, as determined by single cell gel assay. Mutant frequencies at the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (hprt) locus in V79 were determined as the number of 6-thioguanine-resistant cells per 10(6) cells. Mutant frequency of the cells without NP-III was 8.0, and frequencies of the cells treated with 5, 10 or 20 microM NP-III and UV irradiation were 14.9, 20.6 or 24.7 respectively. Treatment with 20 microM NP-III and UV irradiation decreased the cell number, determined 3 days after the treatment, to 20.8%. These findings indicate that acutely induced oxidative DNA damage including mutagenic 8OHdG is only weakly mutagenic in V79.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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